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9. What do you mean exactly? ... Let me explain.

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9.

CLARIFICATION

9.1

Clarification through short Yes/No Questions inviting illustration or example.

Listen to the extracts and repeat the short questions only. The extracts are repeated twice.

05

They (North Americans) enjoy telling us that theyíre the best.

And are they right?

Yes, if you measure success purely in dollars.

11

... but the (health) service is under too much pressure to give adequate support.

Can you be a bit more specific?

Certainly. Thereíre thousands of people who are in great pain. Some are waiting for minor surgery while others are waiting for treatment at pain control clinics.

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... but itís possible to give the job to a man with fewer qualifications.

Does that happen?

Perhaps not as much as it used to, but if a woman leaves a job to start a family, it may be very difficult for her to return to full-time work.

9.2

Clarification through "What" or "How" Questions inviting illustration or

example.

 

[ Repeat the questions with "what" and "how" . ]

03

Whatís wrong with creating a few more jobs in the tourist industry? Think of all the money thatís spent in the souvenir shops of these galleries and museums.

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Whatís wrong with mixed ability teaching?

The reality is that people learn subjects such as languages and mathematics at different speeds.

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What do you mean?

I mean that peopleís situations can be very different. Letís take the very extreme situation of a young woman who marries an old man as an example.

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What do you mean by unnecessary?

Let me explain. Every morning, people go up and down motorways or cross from one side of town to the other in their cars, when they could quite easily take trains or buses.

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Prices are rather expensive, but maybe thatís a good thing.

How do you mean?

I mean that the country isnít inundated with tourists. It hasnít been ruined by time-share developments or scores of ugly hotels, bars and discos.

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.... in a sense most of us are already using them (computers).

How do you mean?

Well, whenever we use our washing machines.... we are using computer circuitry.

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.....many pizza parlours, pubs and burger bars are really being subsidized by the Government.

How come?

Because nobody would be able to accept jobs in these places if they didnít have their incomes topped up by the state.

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Without doubt, television has a lot to answer for.

In what way?

Youíve only got to switch on a film and youíll see a violent incident every five or ten minutes on average.

9.3

Clarification through "Why" / "Why not" Questions inviting reason,

illustration or example.

 

[ Repeat the questions with "Why" and "Why not" ]

23

The young are often embarrassed by them (traditions). This is a shame.

Why do you say that?

Let me explain. Take a traditional Japanese song, for example.

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First of all, Britain is unique in its transport history.

Whyís that?

Because of all the transport systems that have been developed in the last 300 years.

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Not at national or international level.

Why not?

Well, we can hardly keep politics out of the Eurovision song contest. How are we meant to keep it out of football, which has a far greater following?

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Iím not so sure about that.

Why not?

Because traditions are now under attack from mass production and mass marketing.

9.4

Clarification / Reiteration through reference to subject

Look at the list of 28 topics. Listen to the extracts and write down the name or number of the topic which is being discussed. Each extract is repeated twice.

05

They are usually on the same side in war-time, yet they rarely speak well of one another on a personal level.

Are we talking about a struggle for superiority?

03

Iím talking about national institutions, centres of culture which represent the best of Britainís historical and artistic treasures.

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That isnít the point. Iím talking about soft drinks, and few Spanish bars will serve you with "horchata", their own traditional soft drink.

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Iím talking about desktop PCs

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Are you saying that foreign-based multi-nationals decide who is going to be British Prime Minister.

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Well you might as well argue that the government should subsidize all shops. Iím saying that itís the British tax-payer who pays the bill.

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What Iím saying is that we are too interdependent. Perhaps our populations are too big. Thatís why Iím advocating self-sufficiency as a goal.

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What Iím saying is that older people have been there before. Theyíve had the problems and found the solutions.

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What are you trying to say?

To come to the point, there are so many different motives for marriage that itís impossible to generalize about why people prefer married to single status.

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That may be so, but for most people the whole point of marriage is to live together and possibly to raise a family. Thatís what this discussionís about.

03

To come back to the main point, this isnít only about contemporary, experimental art. Iím talking about the appreciation of great masterpieces which have been acknowledged for centuries.

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