Arabic language backgrounds

32 common pronunciation problems

FIX PROBLEM ENGLISH SOUND - COMMON ERROR - PRACTICE MATERIALS
Move front of tongue a little higher. /ɪ/ "sit" /e/ "set" Minimal Pairs /ɪ/ or /e/ practice

Move front of tongue a little lower. /e/ "set" /ɪ/ "sit" Minimal Pairs /ɪ/ or / e / practice

Move front of tongue a little higher. /e/ "set" /æ/ "sat" Minimal Pairs /e/ or /æ/ practice

Tongue lower and more central. Lips relaxed. /ʌ/ "but" /e/ "bet" Minimal Pairs /e/ or /ʌ/ practice

Tongue more central. Lips relaxed. /ʌ/ "cup" /æ/ "cap" Minimal Pairs /æ/ or /ʌ/ practice

Tongue low central. Lips relaxed. /ʌ/ "cup"

Minimal Pairs /æ/ or /ʌ/ practice

Tongue low, back & fixed. Jaws together. /ɔ:/ "bought" /əʊ/ "boat" Minimal Pairs /ɔ:/ or /əʊ/ practice

Tongue low & back. Jaws together. Long. /ɔ:/ "nought" /ɒ/ "not" Minimal Pairs /ɒ/ or /ɔ:/ practice

Weak endings: e.g. "London" "England" /ə/ "the" (schwa)

Practise the neutral vowel /ə/
using spoken dialogues


Fix tongue in central position. Long. /ɜ:/ "bird"

Minimal Pairs /e/ or /ɜ:/ practice
Minimal Pairs /ʌ/ or /ɜ:/ practice
Minimal Pairs /ɔ:/ or /ɜ:/ practice

Tongue moves from front centre to front high. /eɪ/ "late" /e/ "let" Minimal Pairs /e/ or /eɪ/ practice

Start with tongue low front. /aɪ/ "buy"

Minimal Pairs /eɪ/ or /aɪ / practice

Tongue low front to high front to centre. /aɪə/=/aɪ/+/ə/ "fire"


Start with tongue low & back. /ɔɪ/ "boy"

Word list to practise /ɔɪ/

Tongue central. Then tightly round lips. /əʊ/ "note" /ɒ/ "not" Minimal Pairs /əʊ/ or /ɒ/ practice

Tongue central. Then tightly round lips. /əʊ/ "bone" /ɔ:/ "born" Minimal Pairs /ɔ:/ or /əʊ/ practice

Tongue low front. Then round & unround lips. /aʊə/=/aʊ/+/ə/ "flour"

Minimal Pairs /aʊ/ or /aʊə/ practice

Tongue high and front. Move to centre. /ɪə/ "beer" "bear" Minimal Pairs /ɪə/ or /eə/ practice

Tongue from centre front. Draw back to centre. /eə/ "bear"

Minimal Pairs /ɪə/ or /eə/ practice

Start with lips tightly rounded. Unround. /ʊə/ "tour"

Minimal Pairs /eə/ or /ʊə/ practice

Unvoiced. Use more air. Trap it with lips. /p/ "pit" /b/ "bit" Minimal Pairs /p/ or /b/ practice

Voiced. Friction with top teeth & bottom lip. /v/ "van" /f/ "fan" Minimal Pairs /f/ or /v/ practice

Voiceless. Friction. Tongue between teeth. /θ/ "thin" /s/ "sin" Minimal Pairs /θ/ or /s/ practice

Voiced. Friction. Tongue between lips. /ð/ "clothe" /z/ "close" /z/ Minimal Pairs /ð/ or /z/ practice

Back of tongue to back roof. Nasal. /ŋk/ "think" /ŋ/ "thing" Minimal Pairs /ŋ/ or /ŋk/ practice

Voiced stop: back of tongue to back roof. /ŋ/ "thing" /ŋk/ "think" Minimal Pairs /ŋ/ or /ŋk/ practice

Voiced: Tip to alveolar. Front to palate. /ʤ/ "Jerry" /ʃ/ "sherry" Minimal Pairs /ʃ/ or /ʤ/ practice

Unvoiced: Tip to alveolar. Front to palate. /ʧ/ "cherry" /ʃ/ "sherry" Minimal Pairs /ʃ/ or /ʧ/ practice

Voiced: Front of tongue to palate. Friction. /ʒ/ "confusion" /ʃ/ "Confucian"
British "r" is weaker & usually silent
unless followed by a vowel.
silent "survivor" /r/ "Sir Ivor"
Unvoiced: Tip to alveolar. Front to palate. /ʧ/ "watch" /t/ "what" Minimal Pairs /ʧ/ or /t/ practice


External link:Non-native pronunciations of English: Arabic L1