Croatian language backgrounds

17 common pronunciation problems

FIX PROBLEM ENGLISH SOUND - COMMON ERROR - PRACTICE MATERIALS
Relax the mouth and keep sound short. /ɪ/ "sit" /i:/ "seat" Minimal Pairs /ɪ/ or / i: / practice

Move tongue to a lower front position. /æ/ "man" /e/ "men" Minimal Pairs /e/ or /æ/ practice

Tongue more central. Lips relaxed. /ʌ/ "cup" /æ/ "cap" Minimal Pairs /æ/ or /ʌ/ practice

Mouth not so large. Lips relaxed. /ʌ/ "cut" /ɑ:/ "cart"
Tongue low central. Lips relaxed. /ʌ/ "bud" /ɜ/ "bird" Minimal Pairs /ʌ/ or /ɜ:/ practice

Back of tongue high. Lips rounded but relaxed. Short. /ʊ/ "full" /u:/ "fool" Minimal Pairs /ʊ/ or / u: / practice

Tongue low & back. Jaws together. Long. /ɔ:/ "nought" /ɒ/ "not" Minimal Pairs /ɒ/ or /ɔ:/ practice

Increase mouth opening. Drop front of tongue. /ɔ:/ "call" /u:/ "cool" "Pronunciation Tasks" Unit 5
Move tongue back and make mouth rounder. /ɔ:/ "saw" /ɜ:/ "Sir" Minimal Pairs /ɔ/ or /ɜ:/ practice

Tongue low, back & fixed. Jaws together. /ɔ:/ "bought" /əʊ/ "boat" Minimal Pairs /ɔ:/ or /əʊ/ practice

Tongue high and front. Move to centre. /ɪə/ "beer" /i:/ "be"
Voiceless. Friction. Tongue between teeth. /θ/ "thin" /t/ "tin" Minimal Pairs /θ/ or /t/ practice

Voiced. Friction. Tongue between teeth. /ð/ "they" /d/ "day" Minimal Pairs /ð/ or /d/ practice

Quickly push air from throat out of mouth. /h/ "hot"
"ch" in "loch" Minimal Pairs /h/ or silent "h" practice

Back of tongue to back roof. Nasal. /ŋk/ "think" /ŋ/ "thing" Minimal Pairs /ŋ/ or /ŋk/ practice

British "r" is weaker & usually silent unless followed by a vowel. silent "survivor" /r/ "Sir Ivor"
Start with lips tightly rounded. Unround & glide. /w/ "west" /v/ "vest" Minimal Pairs /w/ or /v/ practice