Thai language backgrounds

27 common English pronunciation problems

FIX PROBLEM ENGLISH SOUND - COMMON ERROR - PRACTICE MATERIALS
Keep tongue front & low and jaws apart. /æ/ "cat" /ɑ:/ "cart" Minimal Pairs /æ/ or /ɑ:/ practice

Tongue moves from front centre to front high. /eɪ/ "late" /e/ "let" Minimal Pairs /e/ or /eɪ/ practice

Start with tongue low front. /aɪ/ "buy"

Minimal Pairs /eɪ/ or /aɪ / practice

Tongue low front to high front to centre. /aɪə/=/aɪ/+/ə/ "fire"


Start with tongue low & back. /ɔɪ/ "boy"


Tongue central. Then tightly round lips. /əʊ/ "note" /ɒ/ "not" Minimal Pairs /əʊ/ or /ɒ/ practice

From low front vowel to lips tightly rounded. /aʊ/ "cow"

Minimal Pairs /əʊ/ or /aʊ/ practice

Tongue low front. Then round & unround lips. /aʊə/=/aʊ/+/ə/ "flour"


Tongue from centre front. Draw back to centre. /eə/ "bear"


Tip of tongue behind top teeth. /d/ "made" /t/ "mate" Minimal Pairs /t/ or /d/ practice

Voiced stop: back of tongue to back roof. /g/ "game" /k/ "came"
Make friction with top teeth & bottom lip. /f/ "leaf" /p/ "leap"
Voiced. Friction with top teeth & bottom lip. /v/ "Hove" /p/ "Hope"
Voiced. Friction with top teeth & bottom lip. /v/ "vet" /w/ "wet" Minimal Pairs /w/ or /v/ practice

Voiceless. Friction. Tongue between teeth. /θ/ "thin" /s/ "sin"
Voiceless. Friction. Tongue between teeth. /θ/ "thin"

Minimal Pairs /θ/ or /ð/ practice
Minimal Pairs /θ/ or /t/ practice
Minimal Pairs /θ/ or /d/ practice
Minimal Pairs /θ/ or /s/ practice

Voiced. Friction. Tongue between teeth. /ð/ "they" /d/ "day" Minimal Pairs /ð/ or /d/ practice

Make friction: tip of tongue behind top teeth. /s/ "rice" /t/ "right"
Voiced: tip of tongue behind top teeth. Friction. /z/ "rise" /s/ "rice"
Voiceless. Friction. Front of tongue to palate. /ʃ/ "push" /t/ "put"
Voiceless. Friction. Front of tongue to palate. /ʃ/ "sherry" /ʧ/ "cherry"
Air goes over sides of tongue & out of mouth. /ɫ/ "bill" (dark) /n/ "bin"
Sides of tongue to back teeth. Tip points up. /r/ "right" /l/ "light" Minimal Pairs /l/ or /r/ practice

Unvoiced: Tip to alveolar. Front to palate. /ʧ/ "watch" /t/ "what"
Voiced: Tip to alveolar. Front to palate. /ʤ/ "wage" /t/ "wait"
Voiced: Tip to alveolar. Front to palate. /ʤ/ "Jerry" /ʃ/ "sherry"


EXTERNAL LINK: Non-native pronunciations of English: Thai L1