6B. "Haves" & "Have-nots"____From rags to riches____[Informal]

Rewrite the text, avoiding PHRASAL VERBS in the underlined sections:

The novels of Charles Dickens document people's great fear of poverty during the 19th century. Even those who were bringing in good salaries would put by part of their earnings in case they fell upon hard times. They would put away the family silver in locked drawers in case they ever had to take it to the pawnbroker's shop. A wife who was afraid of her husband's drinking habits would keep back anything she came by which her family could fall back on in a crisis. Generous gifts could always be pawned at a later date. Some women even turned to prostitution so that they could lay on treats for their children.

The average 19th century family had to do without many things which we would now regard as necessities. They certainly had to pass up the opportunity of family holidays. There were numerous officials who would bring in money owed,

but no state departments to give out income support or social security benefits.

The hardest thing for men to cut out was also the cause of family ruin. They could do away with all the food in the pantry, but they could not give up the bottle.

Alcoholism figures prominently in novels of this period, but readers liked happy endings. Consequently, mobility is not always downwards. There are also many "rags to riches" stories where orphans come in for unexpected fortunes and take over from discredited landlords as the owners of large estates. Let's hope these heroes don't take up drinking and become like the pigs in George Orwell's "Animal Farm". 

Earn, produce as revenue

Bring in

Forego, waive

pass up

Obtain, come to have

Come by

Forego, manage without

do without

Receive (money)

Come in for

Abandon, cease doing

give up


put away


cut out

Set aside

put by

Abolish, get rid of

do away with

Depend on (in a crisis)

fall back on

Provide facilities

lay on


Bring in


give out


take up

Conceal, withhold

keep back

Change places with

take over from